Today, August 26, marks the anniversary of the end of the 72-year fight for women’s right to vote. That’s right – our forebears faced 72 years of ridicule, ostracism, abuse, imprisonment … and also hope, determination, courage, and eventually, victory.
When I was in graduate school in London, one of my professors told a cute story about his daughter, born during the Thatcher era, who as a small child had asked him whether a man could be Prime Minister. The point that my professor was trying to make was that having more women in positions of power does make a difference in how women’s roles are perceived by society at large.
One need only look to the Declaration of Sentiments adopted by the women in attendance at the Seneca Falls Convention in August 1848 to begin to appreciate how far women in the United States still are from reaching equality in a host of arenas, many of which are dependent on political or legal equality. Although women were granted the franchise in 1920 after decades of struggle, it is only in the past few decades that women have become a political force – at least at the ballot box. Women not only vote more than men, but unmarried women and women of color are much more likely to vote for Democratic candidates. In fact, women were key voters in the successful elections of Presidents Clinton and Obama.
Women will not have achieved political equality until critical societal changes have taken place. First, women’s successes in being elected and appointed to political positions, corporate and non-profit executive leadership roles, as well as significant public and private boards must no longer be an anomaly to demonstrate equality has been accomplished. When we reach this point, there will no longer be a need for organizations like The White House Project to inspire women to run for public office. Nor will there be a need for other leadership programs designed to provide women with the skills and networks necessary to pursue various executive level positions and to provide the staying power to succeed once they are in these roles.
The center is committed to advancing women's participation in public life. Recognizing the talent and potential of women from every community, and guided by the urban mission of an intellectually vibrant and diverse university in the heart of Boston, we seek to expand the involvement of women in politics and policies that affect them, their families, and their communities.
The center’s Leading Women Speaker and Film Series featured an interactive panel on how women access and utilize political leadership at the local and state levels in the Commonwealth. Sheneal Parker, educator and former Boston City Council candidate, discussed how various types of support can make a difference for women seeking elective office.
Directory of Latino Candidates in Massachusetts, 1968-1994, by Carol Hardy-Fanta (with the Gaston Institute) (June 1996).
Speaking from Experience; a Handbook of Successful Strategies by and for Latino Candidates in Massachusetts, by Carol Hardy-Fanta (with the Gaston Institute)(1996).
Girls and Adolescents
Research on girls and politics, especially the factors that predict whether girls will vote or consider running for office when they reach adulthood.
Economic and Social Status of Women
From Dialogue to Action: The Mass Action for Women Audit. This statewide organizing and participatory action research project will produce fact sheets on the status of women and girls in Massachusetts and a publication of a Resource Manual for Regional Facilitators; Regional Women's Research and Action Committees. (To be completed September 2001.)
Alternatives to Incarceration for Substance Abusing Female Offenders. This research study produced academic papers and presentations at conferences.
Minors' Abortion Rights Project. This project examined the experiences of minors seeking judicial bypass in order to obtain an abortion in Massachusetts.
The Center does ongoing research on women in politics in Massachusetts including gender analysis of Massachusetts and national public opinion polls, political profiles of women in the state, studies of Latina women in politics, and the intersection of gender, race and ethnicity with politics. It also hosts numerous public forums including a televised Gubernatorial Candidates Forum on Issues of Concern to Women.
CWPP Women's News is a biweekly publication available online. It summarizes recent acquisitions for our Information Resource Center, highlights of political news affecting women in the Commonwealth, and provides alerts to upcoming events of interest to women.
Hardy-Fanta, Carol. 2009. Stepping Up: Managing Diversity in Challenging Times - The First Annual Report of Commonwealth Compact Benchmark Data. (May).
Kates, Erika, Sylvia Mignon and Paige Ransford. 2008. Parenting from Prison: Family Relationships of Incarcerated Women in Massachusetts. Research Report. Boston: Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy, McCormack Graduate School, University of Massachusetts Boston. (June).
Hardy-Fanta, Carol, and Kacie Kelly. 2007. Women of Talent: Gender and Government Appointments in Massachusetts, 2002–2007. Research Report. Boston: Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy and the Massachusetts Government Appointments Project (MassGAP), McCormack Graduate School, University of Massachusetts Boston (November).
A Tale of Two Decades: Changes in Work and Family in Massachusetts, 1979-1999, by Randy Albelda and Marlene Kim. (Report produced by the Donahue Institute of the Univeristy of Massachusetts, and UMass Boston's Center for Social Policy, Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy, and Labor Resource Center.)(July 2002)
Girls and Politics: Predictors of Political Ambition, by Claire Benedict, with Carol Hardy-Fanta. A Pilot Study, May 2002.
Connecting for Change: Results of the Mass Action for Women Audit November, 2001. (Also Available on CD).
A Policy Brief: Mental Health Needs Of Women In Transition From Welfare To Work, by Carol L. Cardozo and Lisa K. Sussman, June 2001.
Report on the Minors' Abortion Rights Project, by J. Shoshanna Erlich, Carol Hardy-Fanta and Jamie Ann Sabino (with the Law Center), June 2001.
Alternatives to Incarceration for Substance-Abusing Female Defendants/Offenders in Massachusetts, 1996-1998, by Carol Hardy-Fanta and Sylvia Mignon, October 2000.
Latina Women in Politics, by Lisa Montoya, L., Carol Hardy-Fanta, and Sonia Garcia. PS: Political Science and Politics, Special Symposium Issue on Latino Politics, 33(3) September 2000.
Making Family Leave More Affordable in Massachusetts: The Temporary Disability Insurance Model: A Policy Brief, by Jillian Dickert, August 1999.
Welfare Reform and Barriers to Work in Massachusetts: A Policy Brief, by Susan Pachikara, November 1998.
A Latino Gender Gap? Evidence from the 1996 Election, by Carol Hardy-Fanta, Milenio, No. 2, February 2000.
Latino Electoral Campaigns in Massachusetts--the Impact of Gender, by Carol Hardy-Fanta (with the Gaston Institute)(1997).
Opportunities and Dilemmas for Women Elected Officials in Massachusetts, by Elizabeth Sherman and Susan Rohrbach, December 1996.
Ransford, Paige and Miriam Lazewatsky. 2008. Women’s Municipal Leadership in Massachusetts.(March).
Women and Pensions in Massachusetts, by Ellen Bruce, A CWPPP Fact Sheet, August 2002.
Who's in Charge? Appointments of Women to Policymaking Offices and Boards in Massachusetts, by Carol Hardy-Fanta. A CWPPP Fact Sheet, September 2002.
Mass Action West Profile of Women and Girls, (with Mass Action for Women), Winter 2001.
Area Metropolitana de Boston; Perfil de las Mujeres y las Ninas (with Mass Action for Women), Invierno de 2001.
Southeastern Profile of Women and Girls (with Mass Action for Women), Winter 2001.
Greater Boston Profile of Women and Girls (with Mass Action for Women), Winter 2000.
Political Profile of Women in Massachusetts, (with the Massachusetts Women's Political Caucus), October 1997.
Economic Profile of Women in Massachusetts, by Randy Albelda, 1995.
Occasional Papers, Monographs, & Books
Ransford, P. & Thomson, M. (2011) "Moving through the Pipeline: Women’s Representation in Municipal Government in the New England Region of the United States," in: Barbara Pini and Paula McDonald (eds.), Women Voice and Representation in Local Government. New York & London: Routledge. Order here.
Latino Politics in Massachusetts: Struggles, Strategies and Prospects, ed. Carol Hardy-Fanta with Jeffrey Gerson. New York: Routledge, 2002.
Gender Politics: Progress for Paid Family Leave in Massachusetts, by Elizabeth A. Sherman, New England Journal of Public Policy (forthcoming).
Comparable Worth Policy: Opportunities for Gender and Racial Equality, by Elizabeth Sherman, Women's Policy Journal of Harvard, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Vol. 1, Summer 2001.
Not for Lack of Trying: The Struggle Over Welfare Reform in Massachusetts, 1992-1998, by Ann Withorn with Carol Hardy-Fanta, March 1999.
Collision Course? Massachusetts Families and the Economy at the Crossroads, compiled and edited by Randy Albelda, Diane D'Arrigo and Phyllis Freeman, June 1996.
Directory of Latino Candidates in Massachusetts, 1968-1994, by Carol Hardy-Fanta (with the Gaston Institute), June 1996.
Speaking from Experience; a Handbook of Successful Strategies by and for Latino Candidates in Massachusetts, by Carol Hardy-Fanta (with the Gaston Institute), 1996.
Latina Politics, Latino Politics: Gender, Culture and Political Participation in Boston, by Carol Hardy-Fanta. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1993.
The University of Michigan Center for the Education of Women (CEW) advances the personal, educational, career, professional and leadership potential of women. The services, programs, applied research, and action initiatives conducted by CEW promote inclusiveness and equity within the University, across the state and throughout the nation.
Founded in 1964, the Center for the Education of Women, within the University of Michigan, was one of the nation's first comprehensive, university-based centers focused on women. Designed to serve the needs of women students as well as women returning to school or work, CEW (then known as the Center for the Continuing Education of Women) was founded with a three part mission of service, advocacy, and research. CEW maintains that mission today, serving University students, staff and faculty, community members, women and men, facing educational, employment or other life issues.
Center researchers are currently analyzing the results of the Faculty Work-Life Study, a joint project of the Center for the Education of Women and the UM Center for Research on Learning and Teaching. The survey of UM faculty included questions about climate, workload, sources of satisfaction and stress, and incorporate AAUDI questions for comparison to similar institutions. This project also provides comparison to the 1998 FWLS.
Contingent Faculty in a Tenure Track World - CEW researchers held focus groups with full- and part-time non-tenure track (NTT) faculty at twelve research universities across the country. In total, we conducted 24 ninety-minute focus groups with a total of 343 full- and part-time NTT faculty. A report of the project is available and a video based on the project explores the responses of focus group members. The project was funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
The National Clearinghouse on Academic Worklife (www.academicworklife.org) combines into a single website information resources and community discussions to support those who study or participate in academic work. Up to date articles and policy examples are available on topics ranging from family-friendly benefits, tenure attainment, and faculty satisfaction to policy development, productivity, and demographics. An email newsletter is also available free to subscribers. This clearinghouse was developed through a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
The Dual Career Ladder Project, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, resulted in several publications based on the findings of our institutional survey of U.S. institutions of higher education. highlighting the numbers, working conditions and perceived contributions of non tenure track faculty. These are available on the CEW website.
CEW’s Advanced Leadership Program offers middle management University of Michigan staff, recommended by their supervisors, an eight-month skill development workshop series and accompanying change management project. This program has been offered annually for nearly 10 years.
Focus on Leadership, addresses the need for leadership development and training for staff not yet in key middle-management positions or not yet ready for the more extensive Advanced Leadership Program. Offered to approximately 30 individuals annually, this program offers participants an introduction to leadership concepts while it assists participants in developing an identity as a potential leader.
Emerging Leaders Iniative CEW is currently developing an innovative nine-month program for emerging leaders (those with less than 6 years in their career fields) over the course of two years. The program will focus on women from a specific Michigan urban region, combining those from the private and the non-profit sectors. The program combines in-person sessions, career coaching by senior leaders, and ongoing support and learning using web 2.0 tools including social media and online learning.
CEW offers about 50 programs each term, covering topics such as careers, career change and job searching, work-life balance, leadership development, and focused programs for graduate students and post-docs. In addition, CEW brings special events and speakers to the campus and community.
In addition, CEW leads three support networks for University of Michigan women: Women of Color in the Academy Project and Junior Women Faculty Network for women faculty and the Women of Color Task Force for women staff. These networks offer support, mentoring, and learning opportunities for participants. The Task Force delivers a campus-wide career conference annually, with about 550 participants.
CEW provides free counseling to students, faculty and staff of the University as well as to women and men in the community. Each year over 1,000 adults are seen by CEW’s professional counselors.
Women at the University of Michigan: A Statistical Report on the Status of Women Students, Staff and Faculty on the Ann Arbor Campus, compiled by staff from CEW, Human Resource Records and Information Services, and the Office of Budget and Planning. (Replaced by 2010 Report)
“Work/family policies in higher education: Survey data and case studies of policy implementation" by Carol S. Hollenshead, Beth Sullivan, Gilia C. Smith, Louise August, and Susan Hamilton is a chapter of The Challenge of Balancing Faculty Careers and Family Work, New Directions in Higher Education no. 130, 2005, 41-65.
The Visiting Scholar Program is an opportunity for scholars to pursue research projects relevant to women using the vast resources available through the Center for the Education of Women (CEW) and the University of Michigan. Scholars must hold a Ph.D. or equivalent degree. A scholar's stay at the Center can range from one to twelve months, as appropriate to the scholar's research needs. Visiting Scholars prepare a working paper based upon their research, which is published as part of the Center's series of occasional papers.
Robin Wright Graduate Fellowship
The Center for the Education of Women announces the Robin Wright Graduate Fellowship with a grant of up to $3,200. The fund will support research by a graduate student from the Islamic World or Africa matriculating in the Rackham Graduate School.
The work of the Center for Gender in Organizations (CGO), an academic research institute, serves as a fundamental call to action. Our research and experience repeatedly demonstrate that gender equity and diversity greatly improve work practice and overall organizational effectiveness.
Gender is an organizational issue. Our research emphatically shows that businesses benefit when they view gender equity as a strategic imperative and a source of competitive advantage.
The Center for Gender in Organizations (CGO) takes a unique approach to addressing gender and diversity issues in the workplace. Rather than seeing gender as a problem that individual women and men confront at work, we believe gender is deeply embedded in an organization's culture and practices. It is at this level of analysis that the most significant research is undertaken and from which real change emerges.
Understanding leadership similarities and differences of women and men as well as their resulting impact on organizations is a linchpin of the Center for Gender in Organizations (CGO) research. In addition to studying leadership issues, we also regularly examine the progress women have made in achieving leadership positions in varied organizations to understand the lessons learned and consider, as well, the contributions made by role models and mentors.
CGO uses a "complexity lens" to understand gender and diversity. Through this lens, differences are seen as a simultaneous process of identity and institutional practices. The new insight gained through the use of this lens has led CGO to the development of a theory of simultaneity to strengthen diversity efforts. Simply stated, the theory works with the reality that all people have multiple identities, all of which are present "at the table" in any interaction and any of which may be more or less salient in any particular situation.
Globalization research focuses on the growing interconnectedness of workforces, stemming from trends such as outsourcing, immigration and technological change. The Center for Gender in Organizations (CGO) seeks to understand the impact of multiple cultures and identities on work practices and global workforce productivity and to help ensure that traditional white, North American standards are not automatically applied to the rest of the world.
CGO Commentaries are articles adapted from talks or papers delivered by our faculty affiliates and other distinguished scholars and practitioners. They highlight current and emerging topics in gender equity, diversity and organizational studies.
The Institute for Women's Leadership is a consortium of teaching, research, and public service units of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. The institute and its members are dedicated to examining leadership issues and advancing women's leadership in all arenas of public life – locally, nationally and globally. The interaction among the member units of the consortium encourages scholarly and practical explorations of how institutions are structured by gender, race and ethnicity, socio-economic status and promotes new understanding of women's leadership for social change.
Women Leaders Count began as an Institute research project in 1993, was reborn in the fall of 2001 as a research partnership between Rutgers’ Institute for Women’s Leadership and the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, the Division on Women, and is once again a stand-alone research project at the IWL. The reports in the series focus on the status of New Jersey women in key areas of demographics and activism, work, education, health, poverty, the law, and violence against women. Since 2007, the Institute has published Women’s Leadership Fact Sheets as part of the project, and will continue to publish occasional reports. By bringing together available data, analyzing demographic trends, and identifying research gaps, we hope that Women Leaders Count will serve as a valuable tool to inform equitable policies and effective programs and increase public awareness of women’s leadership progress and challenges.
Focuses on factors pertinent to the lives of both younger and older women in the state and discusses how families and living arrangements, economics and work, health, education, and political participation differently affect women at various stages of their lives.
In New Jersey, women make up one-third of admissions to treatment facilities for substance abuse, and the percentage of women among those incarcerated for drug-related offenses has increased. “Substance Abuse and Its Effects on Women” considers the gender-specific issues of childcare, female-headed households, and the implications these have for women’s drug abuse and recovery.
“New Jersey Women”: Who Are We? How Are We Faring?” presents “vital statistics” on women’s status in New Jersey in the areas of population, age, immigration, marriage and marital status, families and households, education, work, and political representation, and considers future trends for women in the state.
“Boxed In and Breaking Out: New Jersey Women and Work in the 1990s”—Caroline Jacobus (November 1993)
“More and More on Their Own: Demographic Trends of New Jersey Women”—Caroline Jacobus (March 1993)
The purpose of this Fund is to provide Rutgers undergraduate students with opportunities to expand their education beyond the classroom through academic conferences, internships, research experiences, national summit meetings, leadership training, and skills workshops.
At the forefront of feminist research for over thirty years, the Institute for Research on Women (IRW) advances cutting-edge, interdisciplinary scholarship on gender, sexuality and women. Part of the School of Arts and Sciences at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, the IRW was founded in 1977 by faculty and administrators seeking to expand feminist scholarship and activism beyond the university’s fledgling Women’s Studies program. Today, the IRW supports a broad range of programming designed to stimulate research on gender, sexuality and women within and across the disciplines, throughout and beyond Rutgers. Promoting faculty and student connections and building intellectual community are also central to the IRW’s mission.
The IRW fosters feminist research at Rutgers through creative programming tied to an annual theme. The weekly Faculty/Graduate Seminar brings together faculty and advanced graduate students from a broad range of disciplines and from all three Rutgers campuses. Participants present works-in-progress, addressing the IRW’s annual theme from a range of disciplinary and methodological perspectives. The Distinguished Lecture Series presents innovative research by prominent feminist scholars and activists from Rutgers and other universities, exploring the annual theme in depth. The Undergraduate Learning Community extends the strengths of the IRW’s programs and research community to advanced undergraduate students who attend the IRW’s lecture series, develop research projects related to the annual theme, and work with IRW seminar fellows as mentors. Recent annual themes have included The Culture of Rights/The Rights of Culture (2008-9), Gendered Agency (2009-10) and The Art & Science of Happiness (2010-11).
In addition to its thematic programming, the IRW regularly organizes a one-to-three day Spring Colloquium addressing emergent debates in feminist activism and scholarship. Previous topics include the intersections of labor, class and sexuality; immigrant women’s collective organizing and the tensions between gender and disability studies.
Other regular programs include a workshop on Negotiating Basics for Women Entering the Academic Job Market, featuring women faculty of different ranks from the sciences, social sciences and humanities, and a Graduate Student Forum on Feminist Scholarship, enabling graduate students to share and receive feedback on their research.
Gender and Culture at the Limits of Rights, edited by Dorothy L. Hodgson (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), explores the concept of "women's rights as human rights” and the way in which a rights-based analysis can promote or limit the attainment of gender justice. Most of the essays in the volume were originally presented as part of the 2008-9 IRW seminar and its accompanying spring colloquium.
No Permanent Waves: Recasting Histories of U.S. Feminism, edited by Nancy Hewitt (Rutgers University Press, 2010) showcases a group of papers that were first presented at an IRW colloquium. The contributors "address issues of race, class and sexuality within histories of women's rights and feminism as well as the cultural and intellectual currents and social and political priorities that marked movements for women's advancement and liberation. The concept of waves surging and receding cannot fully capture these multiple and overlapping movements, chronologies, issues, and sites."
The papers collected in The Sex of Class: Women Transforming American Labor, edited by Dorothy Sue Cobble (Cornell University Press, 2007), examines the role sex plays in the workforce, as well as contemporary and historical domestic and global labor movements.
The Journal of International Labor and Working-Class History issued a special edition on “Working-Class Subjectivities and Sexualities” in Spring 2006. Edited by Dorothy Sue Cobble and Victoria Hattam, several of the articles in this volume were first presented as papers at spring colloquium organized by the IRW and ILWCH in 2004.
Gendering Disability, edited by Bonnie G. Smith and Beth Hutchison (Rutgers University Press, 2004), collects work presented at a three-day IRW conference that brought together gender studies and disabilities studies scholars.
With the Women's Rights Litigation Clinic at Rutgers Law School-Newark, the IRW co-sponsored The Project on Reproductive Rights Laws for the 1990s which culminated in the 1989 Rutgers University Press volume Reproductive Laws for the 1990s, co-edited by Sherrill Cohen and Nadine Taub.
Describing the impetus for Changing Our Own Words: Essays on Criticism, Theory and Writing By Black Women (Rugters University Press, 1989), Board of Governors Zora Neale Hurston Professor of English Cheryl Wall writes, “I took the idea for a one-day conference to then-IRW director Carol Smith, who embraced it enthusiastically. The conference on October 22-23, 1987, was one of the most gratifying experiences of my career. The room for the symposium was filled with many of the most brilliant scholars and writers of my generation. The book became one of the foundational texts in black feminist criticism. I will forever be grateful for the support of the IRW.”
Women, Households, and the Economy, edited by Lourdes Beneria and Catharine R. Stimpson (Rutgers University Press, 1987), collects papers presented at a two-day conference stemming from a grant from the Russell Sage Foundation “to bring together a group of scholars on the cutting edge of the thinking about women and the economy.”
Revised and condensed versions of work presented at our weekly seminar have been published in four volumes. Copies are available on request from the IRW.
As part of its commitment to foster feminist research at Rutgers and beyond, the IRW hosts feminist researchers from around the world as visiting global scholars. Visiting global scholars are able to pursue their own research and writing in a supportive environment and access Rutgers’ unique feminist resources. They also participate in the IRW seminar, present public lectures to the university community and speak in classes and community forums.
Forty years ago, four visionary women established the Ms. Foundation for Women to elevate women's voices and create positive change. Today, we're a dynamic and powerful entity that is leading the charge on women's issues nationwide.
We start with the knowledge that our fight is not yet over. It's true that women have come a long way since the 1970s, but for every woman who has reached the "top" (and who still face discrimination, by the way), there are millions of women struggling to earn a living wage, gain access to basic health care, secure affordable child care and participate in the opportunities that should be available to every person in the U.S.
At the Ms. Foundation, we work to bring attention to the real challenges facing women, especially women of color and low-income women, living in poverty, working paycheck to paycheck or both.
It's ridiculous and alarming that birth control and basic health services are still "controversial." We're leading the fight to protect women's reproductive rights, including abortion, access to contraception and health care, particularly in low-income communities and communities of color.
Equal Pay for Women
Forty years ago, a woman would earn only 56% of what a man would earn in an identical job. Today, the pay gap is stuck at 77%. We aren't satisfied, and we won't quit until women earn equal pay for equal work.
Did you know that the full-time child care costs for an infant eat up 41% of the average single mother's income? Or that the very people we rely on to take care of our children earn some of the lowest wages in the country? Affordable child care and quality child care jobs are essential to the health and stability of U.S. families. We need policies that support working parents and providers and reflect real family values.
Whether it's a colleague, friend or family member, it is likely that you know someone who has been affected by child sexual abuse. Each of us has a role to play in breaking the silence and supporting solutions. Preventing child sexual abuse is within our power, and we are working to provide information, education and resources to keep our children safe.
Immigration Law that's Right for Women
The majority of immigrants are women – women who are often concentrated in low-wage jobs without access to health care and other benefits, women who have fewer protections from gender-based violence, and women who disproportionately suffer from failed immigration policies. We're advancing immigrants' rights in support of women.
We believe that women are the engine for change in their communities. By funding game changing organizations that are successfully addressing pivotal issues of reproductive health; affordable child care with living wage jobs; and ending child sexual abuse – we are having real impact on the lives of women, children, families and paving the road toward a nation of justice for all.
As a national grantmaker, we support organizations at all levels, from grassroots to state and national organizations. We believe that women most directly impacted by an issue are the real experts and we select groups that are of the community they work in.
We choose our grantees carefully, informed by decades of work in the field. Our goals is to connect with emerging and established groups poised to act when and where change is needed.